Thus dating violence within the context of an intimate relationship . A multivariate analysis of risk markers for dating violence victimization. PDF | reviews over 40 published and unpublished studies of dating volence addresses three major issues: prevalence, contextual factors, and risk markers / the. Prevalence rates from the recent National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence domestic violence, batter, maltreatment, violence), risk analysis (risk marker, risk factor, .. Contextual Characteristics of Partners: School Context Risk Factors .
Some degree of psychological abuse, at least at a minor or occasional level, is very common Shortt et al. Further, psychological abuse tends to be associated with physical abuse. For example, Schumacher, Feldbau-Kohn, Smith Slep, and Heyman reviewed risk factors for male-to-female physical violence, and their study was informative in establishing inclusions and exclusion criteria for the current study.
Several same studies examined in these prior reviews are included in the current study.
However, high research productivity in this field during the past decade enabled us to use greater study selectivity in our inclusion criteria and increase the overall study quality. Search terms and strategies were selected through team collaboration as well as terms used in other reviews e. Search terms included indexed terms unique to each database e.
Search terms included relationships dating, couple, intimate partner, marital, spouse, husband, wife, same-sex partnerpartner aggression abuse, aggression, domestic violence, batter, maltreatment, violencerisk analysis risk marker, risk factor, resilience, predictor, pathway, correlateand specific risk factors academic achievement, adolescent, age, alcohol, anger, antisocial, attitude, criminal behavior, delinquency, development, drug use, employment status, gender, intergenerational transmission, jealousy, marijuana, racial identity, relationship satisfaction, relationship status, pregnancy, religion, sexual coercion, substance use.
Journals identified for hand searching included Violence and Victims, Journal of Family Violence, and Journal of Interpersonal Violence because of the high volume of studies retrieved from these journals in database searches. When methodological aspects of a study were unclear e. We were able to retrieve all studies selected for review. Inclusion-Exclusion Criteria Studies examined in this review were empirical studies that included one or more risk factors and a designated partner violence outcome.
To provide an adequate test of the association of the risk factor and partner violence outcome, studies had to include a a range or continuum of aggressive behavior ranging from mild to more severe and b participants who were nonaggressive as well as those who were aggressive to allow for judging the association of involvement in aggression with the risk factors.
In addition, the studies involved a a community sample representative of some specified population e. For inclusion, risk factors needed to be adequately described to provide definition and operationalization of the risk factors.
In addition, the statistical association or lack thereof between the risk factor and abuse outcome had to be clear. The most desirable design for examining the association of risk factors and outcomes was a longitudinal study where the risk factors were measured prior to the abuse outcome, controlling for competing risk factors. However, cross-sectional studies were included because relatively few longitudinal studies on IPV and risk factors exist.
In Nigeria, wife beating is one of the commonest Similarly, Fatusi and Alatise [ 15 ] in Ile-Ife reported a sexual abuse prevalence of Although violence against women is pervasive, there are only few studies documenting the magnitude of the problem especially among female university students in Nigeria. Thus this study sought to fill this knowledge gap by determining the prevalence and identifying the correlates of IPV among students of a tertiary institution in Nigeria.
The ecological framework used in this study [ 11 ] viewed interpersonal violence as the outcome of interaction among many factors at different levels namely: At the individual level, personal history as well as other behavioural factors that may increase the vulnerability of IPV were included. Community contexts in which social relationships occur in the school also influence violence. Societal factors are those factors which aggravate or inhibit the occurrence of violence in the society.
These societal factors explored included the social and cultural norms such as those around male dominance over women, and cultural norms that justify violence as an acceptable method to resolve conflicts [ 11 ].
A Systematic Review of Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence
Methods The study area The study area was the University of Ibadan, the premier university in Nigeria. The campus is located in the city of Ibadan, the capital of Oyo state, in south western Nigeria.Teen Dating Violence Video 2017 18 1
Study population The study population was the female students resident in the hostels on campus. This population was irrespective of age, ethnic group, year of study, marital status, socio-economic and religious affiliations. Study design The analytical cross-sectional survey design was used. The study period was from April to July, A minimum sample size of 1, was obtained. Sampling technique A four step multistage sampling technique was used.
In the first stage the six female hostels in the university were stratified, based on the level of study programme, into undergraduate, postgraduate and a mix of both undergraduate and postgraduate hostels. In the second stage, one hostel each from the three groups undergraduate, postgraduate, and mixed were selected from each stratum using simple random sampling technique.
A Systematic Review of Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence
In the third stage, systematic sampling technique was used to select rooms in the hostels. The first room was randomly selected and subsequently every other third room on each floor was selected for the survey. Finally, all consenting occupants in the selected room were given the questionnaires.
The students who were not available in the selected rooms at first visit were revisited until they were met and given the questionnaire. A total of students returned their questionnaires, comprising 1, undergraduate and postgraduate students from the who received the questionnaire. The adaptations made included rephrasing questions on knowledge, prevalence, and health consequences of IPV; and history of childhood abuse. Contributions from local experts on gender-based violence and review of relevant literature was also done to ensure questionnaire was appropriate for the study area see Additional file 1.
The questionnaire was pre-tested on 15 randomly selected female students of another tertiary institution in Ibadan. The final instrument consisted of a semi-structured self-administered questionnaire, which comprised 43 questions. The questionnaire was essentially self-administered by the respondents because of the sensitive nature of the questions.