The Anglican Reformation in 16th century - Musée protestant
Anglicans traditionally date the origins of their Church to the arrival in .. The distinction between Protestant and Catholic, and the coherence of the two, is. In contrast to the Roman Catholic Church, where interpretation of scripture is carried The position of the Anglican church as a Protestant denomination is disputed, with .. And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord. of John Wesley and others, modern Pentecostalism dates from , when a lady. Catholics: The Pope Anglicans: The Archbishop of Canterbury Protestants: Depends We are celebrating 20 years of serving Catholic singles.
Since the late s these interpretations have been criticised. Studies on the subject written during the last forty-five years have, however, not reached any consensus on how to interpret this period in English church history. The extent to which one or several positions concerning doctrine and spirituality existed alongside the more well-known and articulate Puritan movement and the Durham House Party, and the exact extent of continental Calvinism among the English elite and among the ordinary churchgoers from the s to the s are subjects of current and ongoing debate.
Consequently, the conclusion of the War of Independence eventually resulted in the creation of two new Anglican churches, the Episcopal Church in the United States in those states that had achieved independence; and in the s The Church of England in Canada became independent from the Church of England in those North American colonies which had remained under British control and to which many Loyalist churchmen had migrated.
From andDissenters and Catholics could be elected to the House of Commons which consequently ceased to be a body drawn purely from the established churches of Scotland, England and Ireland; but which nevertheless, over the following ten years, engaged in extensive reforming legislation affecting the interests of the English and Irish churches; which by the Acts of Union ofhad been reconstituted as the United Church of England and Ireland.
The propriety of this legislation was bitterly contested by the Oxford Movement Tractarians who in response developed a vision of Anglicanism as religious tradition deriving ultimately from the ecumenical councils of the patristic church. Those within the Church of England opposed to the Tractarians, and to their revived ritual practices, introduced a stream of bills in parliament aimed to control innovations in worship.
Over the same period, Anglican churches engaged vigorously in Christian missionsresulting in the creation, by the end of the century, of over ninety colonial bishoprics;  which gradually coalesced into new self-governing churches on the Canadian and American models. However, the case of John ColensoBishop of Natalreinstated in by the English Judicial Committee of the Privy Council over the heads of the Church in South Africa,  demonstrated acutely that the extension of episcopacy had to be accompanied by a recognised Anglican ecclesiology of ecclesiastical authority, distinct from secular power.
Consequently, at the instigation of the bishops of Canada and South Africa, the first Lambeth Conference was called in ;  to be followed by further conferences in andand thereafter at ten-year intervals.
The various papers and declarations of successive Lambeth Conferences, have served to frame the continued Anglican debate on identity, especially as relating to the possibility of ecumenical discussion with other churches.
In some countries especially the USAthey are known as Episcopal churches, from the Greek episcopos: There are an estimated 70 million Anglicans worldwide. All Anglican churches regard the church of England as the mother church and the Archbishop of Canterbury as the symbolic head. However, the Archbishop does not exert any controlling influence outside of England: Once the child is old enough to profess faith clearly, they may then be baptised into full membership of the church.
There are over 40 million Baptists worldwide, including over 30 million in the United States. Read More Congr'nl Congregational churches are those that emphasise the autonomy of each individual church in governing its affairs. Robert Browne founded the first church based on congregational principles inafter dissatisfaction with the Church of England.
This desire for complete separation from the Church of England led some congregationalists to leave England as part of the Pilgrim Fathers who sailed for the USA in John Wesley and Charles Wesley were born in the village of Epworth in Lincolnshire. Their parents were Samuel and Susannah Wesley. Samuel was a Anglican rector and Susannah was a remarkable woman, known to spend much time in prayer for her family.
Inthere was a serious fire at the rectory and John Wesley nearly perished. Charismata as manifested in the life of the individual. In contrast to the Lutheran doctrine of electing a hierarchy of bishops Greek: Episcopoi to govern the church, Reformed churches usually elect elders Greek: Presbyteroi to carry out this function. The elders work together as a group but are accountable to higher groups known as presbyteries, synods or assemblies.
Some Reformed churches adhere to Congregational polity and these are listed separately. Miller originally predicted the return of Christ inthe failure of which became known as the Great Disappointment. Several groups arose out of the Millerite movement, the largest of which is known as the Seventh Day Adventists, who regard Saturday as the correct day of the Sabbath.
Their position within mainstream Protestant Christianity is disputed.
Anglicanism - Wikipedia
Menno Simonseventually emerged as leader of the movement. Persecution led many followers to flee to the USA and Canada, where they flourish to this day.
There are around 1 million Mennonites worldwide and many of them follow the Dordrecht Confession of A resulting schism resulted in the formation of a new group of Mennonites, who came to be known as Amish. Many Amish emigrated to the USA and survive today in tightly knit communities.
They are known for their rejection of modern lifestyles and reject the use of cars, electricity and other modern conveniencies. Like many Mennonites, they are a strongly peace loving people, rejecting all forms of violence. Other Anabaptist groups include the Hutterites, named after Jakob Hutter c. They are a much smaller group who today reside mainly in North America. Anglican The Anglican churches comprise those that follow the established customs and practices of the Church of England.
The history of Anglicanism as a separate denomination really began with the decision of Henry VIII to overthrow the authority of the Roman Catholic church in England. Cranmer drew up the Book of Common Prayer in later revised in In the 39 Articles were written, giving a clear exposition of Anglican theology in response to that of the Roman Catholic church.
The break with the Catholic church was not initially over doctrine, rather it could be seen as a power struggle between church and state.
To this day, some Anglicans prefer to see the church as being both Catholic and Protestant, a sort of via media middle way between the two groups: Catholic — for example, the church claims apostolic succession.CIAC 14: Anglican or Catholic??
The See of Canterbury was established in the sixth century. Protestant — for example, the church rejects the universal authority of the Pope. For example, the use of liturgical vestments, incense and prayerful devotion to Mary was encouraged.
This was known as the Oxford Movement, so called because many of its leaders were based there. Chief amongst them was John Henry Newmanwho famously wrote a series of articles known as the Tracts for the timesoutlining the view of the Church of England as the via media. In Tract 90, published inNewman attempted to show that the 39 articles were not incompatible with Catholic belief and the misunderstandings of Catholic doctrine in the articles could be resolved. This led to a dispute and the Bishop of Oxford decided to forbid any further publication of the tracts.
Eventually Newman became a Cardinal and continued to write theological works, including his theory of the Development of Doctrine, explaining how Catholic belief has developed over the centuries. The Oxford movement continues to this day in the form of Anglo-Catholicism or what might be called a High church position, in contrast to other Anglicans who favour a more Protestant theology Low church.
A mixture of these views coexists within the church. As an example, some accept the seven Roman Catholic sacraments of Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation, Anointing of the sick, Penance, Marriage and Holy orders, whereas others hold to only the first two, in common with traditional Protestantism. The first such conference was held in Inthe conference passed the Lambeth Quadrilateral, giving a clear sense of Anglican identity: Most Baptist congregations are totally independent of each other, but may be associated in organisations such as the Southern Baptist Convention in the USA.
Each congregation has total autonomy in matters of church doctrine and discipline and church meetings are held on a regular basis to deal with these issues. Baptists practice two sacraments also known as Ordinances: Their view of Communion is known as Memorialism: Organisationally, Baptist churches are led by a Pastor Latin: One of the most famous Baptists of the 20th century was Martin Luther Kingthe great American civil rights leader.
Congregational Congregational churches are those that emphasise the autonomy of each individual church in governing its affairs.
Regarding the Eucharist, Lutheran belief is that Christ is truly present in the bread and the wine. Luther himself explained this by using an analogy of an iron rod placed into a fire: The Book of Concord In the 17th century in Germany, a movement within Lutheranism developed, emphasising individual conversion, detailed study of the bible and a more active role for the laity in the government of the church.
Pietist ideas did not meet with universal support, but in later times they were to exert a significant influence on John Wesley and the Methodist movement.
Methodist The story of the Methodist church really begins with the Wesley family: Here people could commit themselves to prayer and bible study. The group soon attracted the attention of other students, not all of whom were in favour of this new way of worshiping God. John was present at a meeting in Aldersgate Street, London when as he put it: I felt I did trust in Christ, Christ alone for salvation; and an assurance was given me that He had taken away my sins, even mine, and saved me from the law of sin and death.
The stage was now set for both brothers to bring the good news to the masses. What was distinctive was their method — open-air meetings designed to attract many people, irrespective of class.
John Wesley may have travelled overmiles and preached over 40, sermons during his lifetime — a remarkable achievement. As Methodism grew as a movement within the Church of England, it became necessary to look at ways in which it might be governed.
Circuit plans were drawn up for each minister and this system continues to the present day. Each circuit makes up a district and representatives from each district attend an annual conference. Today, Methodist churches are found around the globe. Church membership in the UK is aboutand about 70 million people worldwide have some form of link with the Methodist church source: Charles Wesley, as well as being a preacher, gave Methodism a wonderful legacy in his hymn writing.