Bukka Raya I - Wikipedia
Harihara (the successor of Bukka Raya, according to the generally received The earliest of the grants of Bukka Raya is dated A.D. , and the latest Bukka (reigned – CE) was an emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire from the Sangama The early life of Bukka as well as his brother Hakka (also known as Harihara Harihara and Bukka are believed to be the ancestors of the Badagas of the Nilgiris and A fifth, mentioned by Couto, who fixes the date as Rama Raya (?? – January 23, CE), popularly known as "Aliya" Rama Raya, was the progenitor of the Aravidu dynasty of Vijayanagar Empire.
The Father heras theory states that Sangama brothers had a great devotion for the karnataka deities like virupaksha and keshava. They signed only in Kannada letters like "shrivirupaksha" in SanskritTamil and Telugu records.
Aliya Rama Raya
Desai quotes that ferishta called the emperors as "Roise of Carnatic". Carnatic means "Karnataka" hence shows their origin from karnataka.
Both were forced to convert to Islam. Bukka and his brother eventually escaped and retained their Hindu traditions and founded the Vijayanagara Empire under the influence of the Brahmin sage Vidyaranya. His wrong date points to his having partly depended upon the original chronicle of Nuniz, or the summary of it published by Barros; while the rest of the tale savours more of Hindu romance than of historical accuracy.
He defeated the Shambuvaraya Kingdom of Arcot and the Reddis of Kondavidu by and the region around Penukonda was annexed. Bukka defeated the Sultanate of Madurai in and extended his territory into the south all the way to Rameswaram. His son, Kumara Kampana campaigned with him and their efforts were recorded in the Sanskrit work Madura Vijayam also known as Veerakamparaya Charitram written by his wife Gangambika.
The highlight of his conquests occurred on 19 May where he secured the fortress of Raichur from Ismail Adil Shah of Bijapur after a difficult siege during which 16, Vijaynagar soldiers were killed.
Origin of Vijayanagara Empire - Wikipedia
The exploits of the chief military commander, Pemmasani Ramalinga Nayududuring the battle of Raichur were suitably rewarded by the grateful emperor. During the campaign against Raichurit is said that ,foot soldiers, 32, cavalry, and elephants were used in the battle of Raichur.
Finally, in his last battle, he razed to the ground the fortress of Gulburgathe early capital of the Bahmani sultanate. His empire extended over the whole of South India. In he made his son Tirumala Raya the Yuvaraja though the crown prince did not survive for long.
He was poisoned to death. Suspecting the involvement of TimmarusuKrishna Deva Raya had his trusted commander and adviser blinded.
He died soon after in Before his death, he nominated his brother, Achyuta Deva Raya as his successor. The rule of Krishnadevaraya was a glorious chapter in the history of Vijayanagara Empire. Even the ruins at Hampi tell the glorious tale of that mighty empire. Internal affairs[ edit ] During his reign he kept a strict control over his ministers who were severely punished for any misdeeds. Paes summarises the king's attitude to matters of law and order by the sentence, "The king maintains the law by killing.
Bukka Raya I
Paes could not estimate the size of Vijaynagar as his view was obscured by the hills but estimated the city to be at least as large as Rome. Furthermore, he considered Vijaynagar to be "the best provided city in the world" with a population of not less than a half a million. The empire was divided into a number of provinces often under members of the royal family and into further subdivisions.
The administrative languages of the Empire were Kannada and Telugu—the latter was also the Court language. Sewe I remark that Krishna Deva Raya was not only a monarch de jure, but he was also a de facto sovereign with extensive powers and strong personal influence.
With the active cooperation of Prime Minister Timmarusuhe administered the Kingdom well, maintained peace in the land and increased the prosperity of the people The administration of the empire was carried on along the lines indicated in his Amuktamalyada. He was of the opinion that the King should always rule with an eye towards Dharma. His concern for the welfare of the people is amply proved by his extensive annual tours all over the empire, during which he studied everything personally and tried to redress the grievances of the people and to punish the evil doers.
With regard to the promotion of the economic progress of his people, Krishnadevaraya says: Though a follower of Vaishnavism he showed respect to all sects, and petty religious prejudices never influenced him, either in granting gifts or in his choice of companions and officers. Once, when there was some trouble with construction of a big reservoir, Krishna Deva Raya ordered the sacrifice of some prisoners. Many Kannada, Telugu, Sanskrit, and Tamil poets enjoyed the patronage of the emperor.History Of India - Vijayanagar Kingdom 1
Emperor Krishna Deva Raya was fluent in many languages. There remains a debate whether he was a Kannadiga or Telugu  or Tuluva by lineage. Oh Lord of the elephant king, just from seeing you the multitude of elephants ran away in horror. However it is not yet clear if the record was written by the king himself. Tamil literature[ edit ] Tamil inscription of Krishnadevaraya, Severappoondi Krishna Deva Raya patronised the Tamil poet Haridasa and Tamil literature soon began to flourish as the years passed by.
For this he is honored with installing his statues along with his two wives at the temple complex. These statues are still visible at the temple at the exit.