Ages of consent in Europe - Wikipedia
Your school leaving age depends on where you live. England. You can leave school on the last Friday in June if you'll be 16 by the end of the summer holidays . State Pension age calculator is provided on the negeriku.info website. . phased so that rather than reaching State Pension age on a specific date, people born As well as life expectancy, it will take into account a range of factors relevant to. The exact date that you can claim your State Pension depends on when advice , a wide range of services and much-needed companionship.
There is formal approval of medical gender reassignment available either on the National Health Service NHS or privately.
How sweet is sixteen? Legal age limits in England and Wales
However, there have been concerns regarding marriages and civil partnerships. Under the Gender Recognition Acttransgender people who are married have been required to divorce or annul their marriage in order for them to be issued with a GRC. The Government chose to retain this requirement in the Act as effectively it would have legalised a small category of same-sex marriages. The Civil Partnership Act allowed the creation of civil partnerships between same-sex couples, but a married couple that includes a transgender partner cannot simply re-register their new status.
They must first have their marriage dissolved, gain legal recognition of the new gender and then register for a civil partnership.
This is like any divorce with the associated paperwork and costs. With the legalisation of same-sex marriage in England and Wales, existing marriages will continue where one or both parties change their legal gender and both parties wish to remain married. However, civil partnerships continue where only both parties change their gender simultaneously and wish to remain in their civil partnership. This restriction remains as effectively it would legalise a small category of opposite-sex civil partnerships.
The legislation also does not restore any of the marriages of transgender people that were forcibly annulled as a precondition for them securing a GRC and states that a GRC will not be issued unless the spouse of the transgender person has consented.
If the spouse does not consent, the marriage must be terminated before a GRC may be issued. Intersex rights in the United Kingdom Intersex people in the United Kingdom face significant gaps, particularly in protection from non-consensual medical interventions, and protection from discrimination.
Actions by intersex civil society organizations aim to eliminate unnecessary medical interventions and harmful practices, promote social acceptance, and equality in line with Council of Europe and United Nations demands. On 30 Aprilthe Sexual Orientation Regulations came into force, following the introduction of similar provisions in Northern Ireland in January They provided a general prohibition of discrimination in the provision of goods and services on the grounds of sexual orientation.
Similar legislation had long previously been in force in respect of discrimination on the grounds of sexracedisability and marital status. The introduction of the Regulations was controversial and a dispute arose between the Government and the Roman Catholic Church in England and Wales over exemptions for Catholic adoption agencies.
Several Catholic adoption agencies requested exemption from sexual orientation regulations, and the adoption charity Catholic Care obtained a judgement on 17 March instructing the Charity Commission to reconsider its case. Catholic Care stated its intention to appeal the judgement. Incitement to hatred on the grounds of sexual orientation was already illegal in Northern Ireland. Scotland encated similar legislation inwhich also includes gender identity as a protected ground.
The availability in the libraries of schools run by the Inner London Education Authority of a book considered by some to "promote" homosexuality led to protests and a campaign for new legislation. Changes in the structure of local government since that date led to some confusion over the precise circumstances in which the new law applied, including the question of whether or not it applied at all in state schools. In Julya similar amendment was put forward; it was voted down by the conservative majority.
Section came into force when homosexuality between males became legal in The Section was later repealed on 14 August The age of consent in Azerbaijan is Article Sexual intercourse with the person below the age of 16 years, as well as the same offences linked with satisfaction of sexual passion in perverted forms shall be punished by imprisonment up to 3 years.
This provision - Article bis - was added in and repealed in Bosnia and Herzegovina[ edit ] Sexual activity with children younger than 14 is illegal under Articlewhich prohibits sexual acts with a "child", and a "child" is defined in Article 2 8 as a person under However, Article mentions a "juvenile" who is defined in Article 2 9 as a person under 18, although it is not clear if this article refers only to sexual acts performed in view of a minor under 18 or if it can be used also to punish sexual acts performed with the minor: Whoever, in the presence of a child or juvenile, performs acts aimed at satisfying his own lust or the lust of a third person, or whoever induces a child to submit to such acts in his presence or in the presence of a third person, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between three months and three years.
Bulgaria[ edit ] The age of consent in Bulgaria is 14, as specified by Articles and 1. However Article 2 has a provision for those who are over 14 and do "not understand the characteristics or the importance of the act.
However, there is a close-in-age exemption of three years. History[ edit ] Before the yearthe legal age of consent in Croatia was Age of consent was equalised in Cyprus[ edit ] The age of consent for all sexual conduct in Cyprus under the Criminal Code is 17, regardless of sexual orientation or gender.
Changes to State Pension Age | Age UK
History[ edit ] Untilhomosexual acts between men were entirely forbidden under Section Inthe Court held that the prohibition of homosexual acts was a violation of Article 8. In Januarythe Cypriot Government introduced a Bill in the Cypriot Parliament that would have abolished the ban. The European Commission repeated its warning that Cyprus must follow the Court's ruling.
In Mayagain a government measure to repeal the ban failed because of the strength of the opposition. In Aprilthe Council of Europe set a deadline for compliance of 29 May and on 21 Maythe House of Representatives voted 36 to 8 in favour legalising homosexual acts. However it was set at 18 while heterosexual acts remained at Inunder pressure from the EU  the parliament finally ended the disparate provisions and changed the age of consent to 17 for both heterosexual and homosexual acts, under the revised Criminal Code.
Czech Republic[ edit ] The age of consent in the Czech Republic is The Austrian Penal Code was not replaced in Czechoslovakia before Both changes were criticized. Untilhomosexual sexual intercourse was illegal in Czechoslovakia.
School leaving age
Between adults, payment receipt or provision and public nuisance were reasons for criminalization. Denmark[ edit ] The age of consent in the Kingdom of Denmark is 15  as specified by Section In determining the penalty, it shall be an aggravating circumstance if the perpetrator has gained intercourse by exploiting his physical or mental superiority.
Sectionpart 1, reads: Alcohol You have to be 18 years-old to buy alcohol. Children can also consume alcohol in private from the age of five. You can also buy liqueur confectionery from the age of Driving You can get a provisional driving license and start taking lessons at 15 years and 9 months.
The minimum age for actually being able to drive depends on the type of vehicle. You can take your driving test for a car, and start driving, from the age of There are some exceptions to the minimum age limits though. For example, if you have applied for the advanced rate of the mobility component of Personal Independence Payment you can start driving a car at 16 years-old. Armed forces You can join any of the Armed Forces without parental consent once you reach