15 Things About Romanian Culture You Must Know - Eastern European Travel
The official language is Romanian, which has Latin roots that date back to the .. The national culture places a high value on helping extended family members. Today, Romania boasts a Jewish population of 9, From an early date, one of the main components of anti-Jewish hatred in Romania was commercial competition. . Hundreds of families, harassed by humiliating regulations (e.g., a prohibition on Traditional Jewish dietary laws are based on biblical legislation. The general public's view of modern diet and human health has undergone drastic Accepted date: November 05, ; Published date: November 16, . family backgrounds, different dietary habits, and living in different countries. Awareness on junk food facts is lacking amongst every individual in the community.
In much of Asian and African countries most people still live in rural communities, and farmworker-agricultural and urban-industrial ways of life still coexist in most countries.
Such patterns change very rapidly as countries become increasingly urbanized and industrialized. With the move to urban—industrial ways of life, populations have become taller and heavier, their life expectancy has increased, and they are usually adequately nourished although poverty, and even destitution, remains a major problem in most big cities. On the other hand, urban populations are at increased risk of chronic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and also some cancers.
It could be defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being. When people are healthy, they are more efficient at work. This increases productivity and brings economic prosperity. Health also increases longevity of people and reduces infant and maternal mortality.
Balanced diet, personal hygiene and regular exercise are very important to maintain good health. Awareness about diseases and their effect on different bodily functions, vaccination immunization against infectious diseases, proper disposal of wastes, control of vectors and maintenance of hygienic food and water resources are necessary for achieving good health.
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Diseases can be broadly grouped into infectious and non-infectious. Diseases which are easily transmitted from one person to another are called infectious diseases. Infectious diseases are very common and every one of us suffers from these at some time or other. Some of the infectious diseases like AIDS are fatal. Among non-infectious diseases, cancer is the major cause of death. Drug and alcohol abuse also affect our health adversely.
Modern diet has certainly carved up the third World due to globalization [ 14 ]. It is an integral part of life in the developed and also the developing world, and coming with it is a massive increase in obesity and associated problems.
The key to eating these junk foods is moderation, occasional consumption and preferably in small portions. It is not impossible to win battle with junk foods against healthy foods [ 15 ].
However, one must beware entice is so strong that you will be addicted. In term of the relationship between modern diet and health, the following four key problems have to be addressed: I Under-nutrition causes nutrition deficiency, and over nutrition leads to obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and cancer.
It also highlights that nutritional requirements of the body may vary among different individuals with different heredity and family backgrounds, different dietary habits, and living in different countries. Even different gut microbes may affect the requirement of nutrition.
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Although a research on personalized nutrition and nutritional genomics is proposed, results from epigenetic studies have shown that dietary habits and experience of a person can change epigenetic characteristics through DNA imprinting and histone modification.
This indicates that dietary requirements are not decided by genome. Diets determine the expression, regulation, modification, imprinting, and heredity of the genome without altering DNA sequences.
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Obviously, this is a challenge for nutritional genomics. Thus, the problem seems to be at the origin, i. II Contribution of foods and nutrition to the immune system is apparent, which is also a hot topic of research on functional foods.
However, increasing number of studies indicate that immune defense is the first priority of nutrition. Hypo-immunity is only observed in infants, children, and elderly and in individuals with diseases and serious nutrition defects. Thus, when nutrition is abundant, even commonly redundant, excessive immunity can cause inflammation, autoimmune diseases, and metabolic syndromes. Like a double-edged sword, immunity can cause diseases when it is too low or too high. Therefore, the question is what is the appropriate immunity and how should it be quantified.
Unfortunately, no method is available to quantify the immune system thus far.
III Another problem is that precise effect of foods on organs or tissues within the body is unclear. Some studies have shown that food mainly interacts with the GI mucous membrane system. Communication between organs and tissues is established through the circulatory and signaling systems of the GI tract and inner system.
Food does not enter target organs or tissues directly, which results major problem that we face, i.
The metabolic and cellular communication networks provide feasible ways and can be evaluated by obtaining only a few millimeter cube of peripheral blood. IV Finally the last one is related to Public health being a social and political concept aimed at the improving health, prolonging life and improving the quality of life among whole populations through health promotion, disease prevention and other forms of health intervention. A distinction has been made in the health promotion literature between public health and a new public health for the purposes of emphasizing significantly different approaches to the description and analysis of the determinants of health, and the methods of solving public health problems.
This new public health is distinguished by its basis in a comprehensive understanding of the ways in which lifestyles and living conditions determine health status, and recognition of the need to mobilize resources and make sound investments in policies, programmes and services which create, maintain and protect health by supporting healthy lifestyles and creating supportive environments for health.
Conclusion Despite wide differences in opinion among researchers and the general public over recent years, dietary fats remain a potent regulator of physiological function.
This calls for caution in supplementing more than a few grams of any uncommon fat per day. Food sources remain the preferred method of intake in most situations. The various fatty acids provide perhaps the most important aspect of dietary fat manipulations, although increasing the percentage of fat in the diet also has an impact on exercise and resting metabolism. Nutrition, especially sensing and absorption of energy substances, not only plays an important role in the intensity of life activities and storage of energy substances but also controls aging and lifespan.
More activity and rapid growth result in shorter life expectancy, and less activity and slower growth result in longer life expectancy. Awareness on junk food facts is lacking amongst every individual in the community.
Eating a healthy diet is a hard work. The only way to evade junk food is to encourage eating healthy diet and more of the following foods, which are usually considered to be a part of a healthy diet. Foods that are low in fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol high fiber foods, including whole-grain foods, vegetables and fruits. Foods that have only a moderate amount of sugar and salt calcium rich foods, to meet daily calcium requirements.
Iron rich foods, to meet daily requirements for iron. Nutrition science constantly evolves, and future research will better elucidate the independent and combined roles of modifiable factors such as physical activity and nutrition on human health. Today, fewer than 50 Jews live in Dorohoi. Dorohoi Jewish Community Address: Spiru Haret 95 Telephone: Today, the small remaining community is served by the only standing synagogue, the Great Synagogue, built in the 19th century on the site of the town's first synagogue from Faltceni has two Jewish cemeteries.
The newer one, with tombs dating from the 19th century, is located at the end of Brosteni Street, not far from the town center. The older cemetery, established in the 18th century and closed down during the 19th century, is located on nearby Victoriei Street. Most of the tombs here are overgrown and sunken into the earth. Falticeni Jewish Community Address: Iasi In the 19th century, Iasi was one of the great Eastern European centers of Jewish learning, famous for its scholarly rabbis, intellectuals and skilled craftsmen, as well as for its Jewish schools, hospitals, publications and various organizations.
Inthe city was the home of the first-ever Yiddish-language newspaper, Korot Haitim, and the birthplace of the Israeli national anthem. The world's first professional Yiddish-language theater was opened here in by Avram Goldfaden, who later founded New York's first Jewish Theater.
Jewish merchants from Poland settled here in the 15th century and their numbers swelled with further waves of Russian-Jewish and Galician-Jewish immigration into Moldova.
ByIasi was home to more than 30, Jews and some synagogues. Today, only two synagogues remain open. The majority of the city's Jewish population was killed or deported. A monument to the victims of the pogrom stands outside the Great Synagogue. Great Synagogue Sinagoga Mare Address: Located on Synagogues Street so dubbed because of the many synagogues once found here in the old Jewish neighborhood of Targu Cucului, the synagogue was built in an eclectic style with strong late baroque influences.
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Over the centuries, the Great Synagogue has undergone a number of major renovations. Although called "the great," the synagogue's size is actually very modest.
The floor is located below street level in keeping with a widespread tradition found in many Central and Eastern European synagogues. Jewish religious tradition requires that synagogues be the highest buildings in their neighborhoods but because Jews were not permitted to build high structures for their prayer houses, lowering the floor of synagogues represented an ingenious compromise between the two demands by creating an interior that is higher than the exterior elevation of the building.
It also serves as a reminder of Psalm "de profundis": It has been recognized as a historical monument. Iasi Jewish Cemetery Access: Overgraves, some dating from the late s, stretch across the hillside; burial records date from to the present day and are kept in the community center. Iasi's second, smaller synagogue is also located here. Iasi Jewish Community Address: Elena Doamna 15 Tel: Oradea The first Jews settled in Oradea as early as the 15th century, making Oradea the site of one of the oldest and most important Jewish communities.
Jewish people helped establish the city's chemical and milling industries as well as its transportation, communications and banking infrastructure. They also played important roles in the medical, academic and artistic institutions.
Oradea's striking collection of turn-of-the-century art nouveau buildings remind viewers of the once-flourishing Jewish businesses. By the s, Oradea had 27 synagogues and a population of around 30, Jews.
Independentei 22 A grandiose Neolog temple, it was designed by David Busch, the town's chief municipal architect at the time, and constructed in Mihai Viteazu 4 The Moorish-style red brick and stucco design of the synagogue, built inis similar to that of the synagogue in Satu Mare. Chevra Sas Synagogue Address: Crinului 2 The smaller, built instill serves the local Jewish community, which currently numbers around members and is one of the most active in the country.
Nearby is the s Teleki Synagogue, the last to be built in Oradea address: Oradea has two large Neolog and Orthodox Jewish cemeteries.
Oradea Jewish Community Address: Mihai Viteazul 4 Telephone: Piatra Neamt Located at the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains, the historic town of Piatra Neamt boasts one of the most legendary synagogues in Romania, the Wooden Synagogue. Thousands of Jews settled here in the 17th century, fleeting Poland following the Chmielnicki Uprising in the Polish—Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Several tombstones dating from discovered here provide strong evidence of an old Jewish community in the area.