Halifax, Nova Scotia - Wikipedia
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Because it was not transcribedit can only be studied indirectly. Knowledge comes from these chief sources: Mention of it by ancient grammarians, including prescriptive grammar texts from the Late Latin period condemning linguistic "errors" that represent spoken Latin.
The comparative methodwhich reconstructs Proto-Romance, a hypothetical vernacular proto-language from which the Romance languages descended. Some literary works written in a lower register of Latin provide a glimpse into the world of Vulgar Latin in the classical period: The original written Latin language what is today referred to as Classical Latin was adapted from the actual spoken language of the Latins, with some minor modifications, long before the rise of the Roman Empire.Naruto Shippuden opening 12 audio latino (Doble Cero) (TV-SIZE)
As with many languages, over time the spoken vulgar language diverged from the written language, with the written language remaining somewhat static. During the classical period spoken Vulgar Latin still remained largely common across the Empire, some minor dialectal differences notwithstanding. The collapse of the Western Roman Empire rapidly began to change this.
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The former western provinces became increasingly isolated from the Eastern Roman Empireleading to a rapid divergence between the Latin spoken on either side of the Adriatic north of line that ran from northern Albania mid-way through Bulgaria but stopped short of the Black Sea coast which was Greek-speaking. In the West an even more complex transformation was occurring. A blending of cultures was occurring between the former Roman citizens who were fluent in the "proper" Latin speech which was already substantially different from Classical Latinand many of the Gothic rulers who, though largely Latinised, tended to speak Latin poorly, speaking what could be considered a pidgin of Latin and their Germanic mother tongue, though this changed over time.
Notable among those who spoke Latin well is Theodoric the Great, imperial regent of Italy — who is reputed to have been illiterate based on his use of stamp to sign documents. Since he lived as a hostage of Emperor Leo I at the Great Palace of Constantinople from to from age 7 to 17 and was well-educated by Constantinople's best teachers,   it difficult to believe he did not know Greek and Latin.
The vulgar Latin language that continued to evolve after the establishment of the successor kingdoms of the Roman State incorporated Germanic vocabulary, but with minimal influences from Germanic grammar Germanic languages did not displace Latin except in northern Belgium, England, the Rhineland Moselle region and north of the Alps.
For a few centuries this language remained relatively common across most of Western Europe as a result, Italian, Spanish, French, etc. As early asin a face to face meeting between Pope Gregory IIborn and raised in Rome, and Saint Bonifacean Anglo-SaxonBoniface complained that he found Pope Gregory's Latin speech difficult to understand, a clear sign of the transformation of Vulgar Latin in two regions of western Europe.
Within a generation, the Oaths of Strasbourga treaty between Charlemagne 's grandsons Charles the Bald and Louis the Germanwas proffered and recorded in a language that was already distinct from Latin. It seems certain that in the sixth century, and quite likely into the early parts of the seventh century, people in the main Romanized areas could still largely understand the biblical and liturgical texts and the commentaries of greater or lesser simplicity that formed part of the rites and of religious practice, and that even later, throughout the seventh century, saints' lives written in Latin could be read aloud to the congregations with an expectation that they would be understood.
We can also deduce however, that in Gaul, from the central part of the eighth century onward, many people, including several of the clerics, were not able to understand even the most straightforward religious texts.
With the evolved Latin vernaculars viewed as different languages with local norms, specific orthographies were duly developed for some. Since all modern Romance varieties are continuations of this evolution, Vulgar Latin is not extinct but survives in variously evolved forms as today's Romance languages and dialects. In Romance-speaking Europe, recognition of the common origin of Romance varieties was replaced by labels recognizing and implicitly accentuating local differences in linguistic features.
Some Romance languages evolved more than others. In terms of phonological structures, for example, a clear hierarchy from conservative to innovative is found in a comparison of modern Italian, Spanish and French e. The Oaths of Strasbourg offer indications of the state of Gallo-Romance toward the middle of the 9th century.
For example, the community of Spryfieldin the Mainland South area, voted to amalgamate with Halifax in The most recent amalgamation, which brought the entirety of Halifax County into the Municipality, has created a situation where a large "rural commutershed" area encompasses almost half the municipality's landmass.
Topography[ edit ] The coastline of Halifax from Duncan's Cove. The city has a significant amount of coastline due to its heavy indentation. The coast is mostly rock with small isolated sand beaches in sheltered bays. The largest coastal features include St.
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The municipality's topography spans from lush farmland in the Musquodoboit Valley to rocky and heavily forested rolling hills. The sea heavily influences the climate of the area, causing significant seasonal lag in summer, with August being significantly warmer than June and with September being the third mildest month in terms of mean temperature. Snowfall in Halifax is heavy during the winter, although snow cover is usually patchy owing to the frequent freeze-thaw cycles.
Precipitation is high year-round. Winter features a mix of rain, freezing rain and snow with frequent freeze-thaw cycles. Snowfall is heavy in winter, but snow cover is usually patchy owing to the frequent freeze-thaw cycles, which melt accumulated snow.
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Some winters feature colder temperatures and fewer freeze-thaw cycles; the most recent of which being the winter of —, which was the coldest, snowiest and stormiest in about a century. Spring is often wet and cool and arrives much later than in areas of Canada at similar latitudes, due to cooler sea temperatures.
Summers are mild and pleasant, with hot and humid conditions very infrequent. Warm, pleasant conditions often extend well into September, sometimes into mid-October.
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Average monthly precipitation is highest from November to February due to intense late-fall to winter storms migrating from the Northeastern U. Halifax can sometimes receive hurricanes, mostly between August and October. An example is when Hurricane Juana category 2 storm, hit in September and caused considerable damage to the region.
Hurricane Earl grazed the coast as a category 1 storm in