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Acts of the Apostles often referred to simply as Acts, is the fifth book of the New Testament; it tells of the founding of the Christian church and the spread of its message to the Roman Empire. Acts and the Gospel of Luke make up a two-part work, Luke–Acts, by the same anonymous author, usually dated to around 80–90 . First and most noticeably, the author of the Third Gospel writes to one Date: Seeing that Acts ends with the imprisonment of Paul (c. 64 AD). Games, Field Goals, Three Points, Free Throws, Rebounds, Miscellaneous. Date, Opp, Score, Type, Min, FGM, FGA, FG%, 3PM, 3PA, 3P%, FTM, FTA, FT%, OR.
Nearly all of the material found in Mark is also found in either Matthew or Luke or both.
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This has been used to argue that Mark came first. This is a fairly strong argument, in my opinion. However, others argue that, although Mark and Matthew have much material in common, there is some evidence that Mark is adapting Matthew, and not vice versa.
Acts of the Apostles - Wikipedia
They propose that this document was written in the late 40s or early 50s. This theory is speculative, with no direct evidence, but it is possible. The reason the experts are not in full agreement is that it simply is not clear. We will have to settle for some doubt here. Of course, the order of writing is really not important to the Christian faith, and we should bear this in mind.
I am being a bit vague here. You can read any good commentary on Matthew or Mark to see the arguments in more detail. I am copying and pasting below a short article which summarizes the arguments fairly well.Were the Pyramids Built Before the Flood? (Masoretic Text vs. Original Hebrew)
This prophecy was fulfilled in 70 A. The gold in the Temple melted down between the stone walls and the Romans took the walls apart, stone by stone, to get the melted gold. But, it was not included suggesting that the gospels at least Matthew, Mark, and Luke were written before 70 A.
Similarly, this argument is important when we consider the dating of the book of Acts which was written after the gospel of Luke by Luke himself. Acts also fails to mention the incredibly significant events of 70 A. Remember, Acts is a book of the history of the early Christian church. The fact that the incredibly significant destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple is not recorded is very strong evidence that Acts was written before A.
The date of Acts is still in dispute, but the early date about A. If what is said of Acts is true, this would mean that Luke was written at least before A. Matthew The early church unanimously held that the gospel of Matthew was the first written gospel and was penned by the apostle of the same name Matt. Lately, the priority of Matthew as the first written gospel has come under suspicion with Mark being considered by many to be the first written gospel.
The debate is far from over. The historian Papias mentions that the gospel of Matthew was originally in Aramaic or Hebrew and attributes the gospel to Matthew the apostle.
By the time of Irenaeus, Acts was also linked with Luke, the companion of Paul. But, this is not known for sure.
The earliest quotation of Matthew is found in Ignatius who died around A. Therefore, Matthew was in circulation well before Ignatius came on the scene. The various dates most widely held as possible writing dates of the Gospel are between A. But Ignatius died around A.
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Therefore Matthew had to be written before he died. The apostles and other followers of Jesus meet and elect Matthias to replace Judas as a member of The Twelve. On Pentecostthe Holy Spirit descends and confers God's power on them, and Peter, along with John, preaches to many in Jerusalem, and performs Christ-like healings, casting out of evil spiritsand raising of the dead. The first believers share all property in commonate in each other's homes, and worshipped together.
Stephen is arrested for blasphemyand after a trial, is found guilty and stoned by the Jews. Stephen's death marks a major turning point: Saul of Tarsusone of the Jews who persecuted the Christians, is converted by a vision to become a follower of Christ an event which Luke regards as so important that he relates it three times.
Peter, directed by a series of visions, preaches to Cornelius the Centuriona Gentile God-fearer, who becomes a follower of Christ. The Holy Spirit descends on Peter and Cornelius, thus confirming that the message of eternal life in Christ is for all mankind. The Gentile church is established in Antioch north-western Syria, the third-largest city of the empireand here Christ's followers are first called Christians.
Paul spends the next few years traveling through western Asia Minor and the Aegean, preaching, converting Gentiles, and founding new churches.
On a visit to Jerusalem he is set on by a Jewish mob. Saved by the Roman commander, he is accused by the Jews of being a revolutionarythe "ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes", and imprisoned.
Paul asserts his right as a Roman citizen, to be tried in Rome and is sent by sea to Rome, where he spends another two years under house arrest, proclaiming the Kingdom of God and teaching the "Lord Jesus Christ".
Acts ends abruptly without recording the outcome of Paul's legal troubles. Prior to the s, Luke—Acts was seen as a historical work, written to defend Christianity before the Romans or Paul against his detractors; since then, however, the tendency has been to see the work as primarily theological.