Culturas Tradicionales, Contemporaneas y Emergentes by Nat Mendez on Prezi
Main · Videos; Distance between locations in bangalore dating dating · 5 ejemplos de cultura contemporanea yahoo dating · love dating marriage movie. extreme homes - Yahoo Image Search Results . tipped a conventional house forty-five degrees and rested it upon a hexagon-shaped pole so that .. Pavilion, Built by Nemesi & Partners in Milan, Italy with date Images by Nemesi & Partners. Un muy buen ejemplo de arquitectura mexicana contemporánea de calidad. LA CULTURA Y SUS ELEMENTOS Definición de Cultura Es una especie de tejido social que abarca las distintas formas y expresiones de una.
To understand this, it is necessary to think in terms of effort. As it requires less effort to diffuse or provoke diffusion than it does to extract knowledge, information has gradually ceased to be a means of acquiring knowledge and has become instead only communication. One may then conclude that one is continuously faced with the semantic error confusing information with communication. Again, the RAE Dictionary gives us the clue in the substance of the meaning of knowledge.
That knowledge which can be acquired through information. As a continuation of the above, the verb to know has different meanings that include the worlds of both the spirit and matter. Finally, two meanings that are shown to speak of knowledge through the senses, as the material apprehension of things.
One therefore reaches the conclusion that information is produced on a two-way street: Nowadays, however, it seems that the first direction has been made reversible, as if it were one of the lanes on a highway, in order to widen and open the flow of communication, which is the vehicle of diffusion.
Communication now occupies so much space, that if we were to ask the cultivated man of the 21st century for the meaning of information, in many cases he would probably mistake it for communication.
Continuing with the highway simile, the widening of the routes of communication in our time— television, mobile telephone, internet, high speed movement, etc. So much so, that knowledge remains relegated to the shoulder of the information freeway. And knowledge should be drawing the map through which the highway runs. Understanding, thought, as the intellectual activities that they are, along with the material necessity that exists in man, should determine the route of information.
Only by means of it will the necessary knowledge be communicated to make a happier man. Communication does not cease to be the means of transport for knowledge. Another perhaps more precise example than the one above is thinking that the means of communication is a place through which information moves. If one thinks of classical Rome, the means of communication par excellence was the Mediterranean Sea, which would be the equivalent of Internet today. Once the means of communication is available, one can navigate—note that in both media the same word is used — through it, with a charted map or drifting.
Con el conocimiento se realizan las cartas marinas y los mapas, donde se ubican los puertos, las corrientes y los climas. The boat, empty of knowledge, lets itself be carried by the currents, the tides and the waves. Sailing with navigation maps—, which requires a destination, means and itinerary— needs the certainty of human know-how and is capable of transporting knowledge after having extracted it from different ports.
Sea charts and navigation maps are made with knowledge; ports, currents and climates are identified and located on them. Thanks to knowledge, experience exists instead of chance, and therefore, a forecast for the future can be made, which demands determination, constancy and intelligence. Communication and Knowledge of Architecture One of the aspects that have characterized the course of History has been the gradual increase of virtuality versus reality.
In Classical Greece, man, if he knew architecture, made it directly, really living it. Nowadays, contact with architecture or something like it occurs above all through the photo.
In earlier periods, it was made through books, treatises, engravings, etc. The center of the question is understanding that what the human being perceives through the different publications or presentations is not architecture, properly speaking, but rather its representation.
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In the best of cases, when the data is provided in floor plans that serve for its interpretation, one has the score. But the score is not the music. There is surely, as of now, no other European country that is such a land of opportunity for young architects and possibly there is no other country anywhere which appears to have such a cultivated middle class patronage when it comes to commissioning and carrying through an architecture of quality over a wide scalar range.
Three salient factors would jointly appear to be partial explanation for the still prevailing exceptional level of Spanish architectural culture.
On the one hand the devolution of political power in Spain, dating back to the years following the demise of Franco, on the other a factor, closely related to the first, namely that Spain, to virtually the same degree as Italy, has always possessed a profound city-state culture, nurturing a deep sense of local identity and pride, one that is still vital today and more prosperous and confident than ever despite the ostensible inroads made into the Iberian fiefdom by the not always beneficial policies of the European Union, with its penchant for professional deregulation.
Predicated on an undulating umbrella roof made out of a self-supporting hexagonal infrastructure one may well take this work as the aboriginal touchstone of rationalized organicism in Spanish architecture, with a manifest tectonic commitment that seems to be as alive as an ethical tradition in contemporary Spanish work, as it was when this line was first broached in Spain, with characteristic rigor and finesse, now almost half-a-century ago.
O para prescindir de ellos si resulta necesario. Que es precisamente lo que ha ocurrido con los inmigrantes: Cuando los grupos de viejos, desempleados, inmigrantes, pobres tienen localizaciones segregadas eso se debe en buena parte a las rentas limitadas que les impiden elegir otras localizaciones. Especialmente importantes pueden ser los conflictos entre viejos y nuevos inmigrantes.
En primer lugar entre los viejos inmigrantes nacionales, ya integrados en la ciudad, pero afectados por problemas de desempleo, y los nuevos inmigrantes, nacionales o extranjeros. Pero la realidad de las fronteras estatales y las obligaciones de los estados hacia sus propios ciudadanos conducen a limitaciones efectivas de dichos derechos.
Pero el tiempo puede no bastar. En segundo lugar del deseo de asimilarse. Lo que ocurre cuando se es minoritario en un lugar pero se tiene conciencia de la superioridad.
Puede haber tambien grupos de inmigrantes que no aceptan ciertas formas del grupo de acogida. Y desean conservar una parte de esa cultura propia, aceptando, sin embargo, las normas sociales generales de la sociedad en que se integran. Aunque eso se hiciera desde perspectivas nacionalistas y con un lenguaje biologicista que trataba de presentar los problemas y soluciones como inscritos en el orden de la naturaleza.
Y debemos afirmar que desde el punto de vista del equilibro mundial eso es conveniente. Hacen falta, desde luego, normas sociales comunes, y aceptadas por todos. Aceptarlos en su cultura, y evitar el sentimiento de que son rechazados, excluidos, marginados o subvalorados en sus costumbres y cultura.
Asegurar el acceso a la vivienda, procurando que se distribuyan por todo el tejido urbano.
Lo que no siempre es posible si los inmigrantes -al igual que algunos nativos- desean poner por encima de todo sus creencias religiosas, como sucede en algunos integrismos y nos ha recordado la disputa del chador. Y eso en el pasado y en la actualidad. European urbanizationLondon, Methuen, ; Trad. Revista e Historia, Mexico, vol. London, Edaward Arnold, cap. Reinhard y Armengaud,op. Estudios sobre la ciudad hispanoamericana, Madrid, C.
Viotti da Costa, Emilia: VI "Clases sociales y poder en una ciudad media: La cita completa de ese impresionante texto es la siguiente: Urban Growth and the Circulation of Information: Viotti da Costa,op. The Impact of Immigrants on the U. Immigration and the Work Force: The Economic Sociology of Immigration: The Demographics os Inmigration.
El aporte de los inmigrantes", en Peset, J. The Preindustrial City, New York,