King–Byng affair - Wikipedia
Main · Videos; 20 asian dating man white woman types of dating software types of dating software king byng affair yahoo dating king byng affair yahoo dating. The King/Byng Crisis. Background. In the election, William Lyon Mackenzie King's Liberals came to office with a minority government. For the next four. The King–Byng affair was a Canadian constitutional crisis that occurred in , when the Governor General of Canada, the Lord Byng of Vimy, refused a.
Archived This page has been archived on the Web. How often I witnessed men in the House who had a case, and who really had their opponents cornered, doddle off into other ground and give the enemy a chance to change the subject and come out not too badly worsted. As member of Parliament, opposition leader and prime minister, he annihilated the arguments of his political opponents with his unassailable logic and eloquent reasoning.
Yet his formidable intellectual skills were not enough to keep him in power as prime minister.
Those other components in the mysterious recipe of successful leadership—luck, loyal followers and personal charm—eluded him and kept his time in office unfortunately brief. Arthur Meighen was born in Anderson, Ontario inthe son of a farmer.
He studied mathematics at the University of Toronto and graduated in with a B. Meighen tried his hand as a teacher and a sales clerk before moving to Winnipeg where he began articling with a local law firm. Inhe moved to Portage la Prairie, to take over an established law practice. He was called to the Manitoba Bar in Meighen had joined the Young Men's Conservative Club upon arriving in Portage la Prairie and campaigned on behalf of the local member in the election.
The King/Byng Crisis :: Canadian Autonomy
Inhe ran himself and was elected to the House of Commons. Meighen's debating skills quickly came to the attention of his party leader, Robert Borden, as well as his aptitude in analyzing legislation and knowledge of parliamentary rules.
It was the latter ability that proved particularly useful to the Conservatives in the debate over the Naval Aid Bill. The Liberals were prolonging debate to prevent its passage.
Meighen introduced the strategy of closure and forced the bill through the House of Commons.
Inhe was made Solicitor General and four years later Secretary of State. A Progressive MP, W.
Fansher, then proposed that a Royal Commission be combined with the original motion of censure. The Speaker of the House ruled the motion out of order, but, on divisionthe members over-ruled the speaker and the Cabinet was defeated again.
After a motion that the House adjourn, put forward by a Progressive member at King's behest, was subsequently also voted down, King announced that he would accept Fansher's amendment and secured an adjournment. For the next two days, the Prime Minister and the Governor General discussed the matter, with Byng asking King not to request a dissolution which he could not give and King twice requesting that Byng consult the British government prior to making any decision.
Byng again refused, saying the matter should be settled in Canada, without resort to London. Although many Conservatives privately preferred an election, Meighen believed he was bound by honour and convention to accept Byng's invitation.
Meighen thus formed a new Cabinet. At that time, convention dictated that the ministers of the Crown drawn from the House of Commons were obliged upon appointment to resign their seats in parliament and run for re-election. This posed a problem for Meighen: In the prosperous years after the Liberal government provided a cautious administration which reduced the federal debt.
Its only initiative was an Old-Age Pension scheme. King insisted on Canadian autonomy in relations with the United Kingdom and contributed to the definition of Dominion status at the Imperial Conference; according to the resultant Balfour ReportBritish dominions were defined as autonomous and equal members of the British Commonwealth of Nations.
This satisfied King, who was loyal to the British empire while also championing sovereignty for Canada. It is perhaps instructive that he did not even note the stock market crash of in his personal diary.Sir R Borden Interviewed.
King did not believe at first that the Depression would seriously affect Canada, and refused to provide federal funding to provinces struggling with unemployment. In contrast, the Conservatives under R.
Bennett promised aggressive action, and the Liberals were soundly defeated in the election. King was an effective Opposition leaderkeeping his party united as he attacked Bennett for unfulfilled promises and rising unemployment and deficits.
His only alternative policy, however, was to reduce trade barriers. In the Liberal Party campaigned on the slogan "King or Chaos," and was returned to office with a comfortable majority.
Canada A Country by Consent: The Roaring Twenties:The King-Byng Affair
However, the economic downturn in left the government with high relief costs and no coherent economic response. See also Great Depression. The Second World War Developments abroad, from the Ethiopian crisis to the Munich crisis, forced King to pay more attention to international affairs, and he hoped war could be averted through appeasement. When they met in JuneHitler reassured King that Germany had no desire for war. As the likelihood of war increased, he insisted that the Canadian Parliament not the British government would decide on Canada's participation if war came; to make such a decision more palatable, particularly to French Canadians, he promised there would be no conscription for overseas service.