CONFUCIAN BELIEFS | Facts and Details
Taoism vs. Confucianism. Hi there, and welcome to The Tao of Dating site! This is a survey of the history of Taoism from approximately the third century B.C. The relationship between religion and homosexuality has varied greatly across time and place, .. Confucianism, being primarily a social and political philosophy, focused little on Attitudes about homosexuality within Taoism often reflect the values and . Check date values in: |accessdate= (help); ^ Boswell, John (). Chinese folk religion (Chinese popular religion) or Han folk religion is the religious tradition of .. Some cults such as that of Liu Zhang, a king in what is today Shandong, date back to this period. . In Taoist and Confucian thought, the supreme God and its order and the multiplicity of shen are identified as one and the same.
In the West, he is called Confucius. He was born in B. Confucius lived a simple life, spending most of his time as a teacher. Only a few facts are known about his life. But because he is considered one of the greatest Chinese thinkers, many stories have arisen about him. His family was poor, and his father died when he was 3. His mother taught him, and he studied hard. By 15, he decided to spend his life learning. He read and studied classic Chinese works.
When he started teaching, Confucius quickly attracted a band of loyal students. He said he taught anyone who came to him "from the very poorest upward. Before Confucius, rich people had hired tutors to teach their children. Confucius did not think learning should just be for the rich. He believed every man in China should learn. When he was about 50, he was appointed to work in the government of Lu.
He wanted to apply his ideas to make society better. He was soon made the minister of justice, but Confucius saw that those above him did not like his ideas. He spent the next 12 years traveling around China looking for a ruler who would listen to his ideas.
He never found one. His students, however, continued to follow him. When he was 67, he returned to Lu and continued teaching and studying five Chinese books, known as the Five Classics. Book of Changes Yi Jing.
This poetic text describes two opposite, but complementary forces of life—yin and yang. This ancient book was frequently used to divine the future or guide actions. Both Confucian and Daoist thinkers adopted it as part of their philosophy. Book of History Shu Jing contains official documents dating far back in Chinese history. Book of Poetry Shi Jing. But the essence of them can be expressed in one sentence: Written in spare prose, it follows important events in the government.
What is the difference between Confucianism and Taoism?
Confucius also studied a sixth classic, the Book of Music Yue Jing. Confucius considered music essential to life. But this work has not survived. Controversy surrounds each of the other texts: When was it written? Who wrote the commentaries on the text?
Confucius claimed he merely "transmitted" the teachings of the classics. But his interpretations of the classics created a new school of thought in China.
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Other schools of thought created their own works. Confucius died in B. In English, this book is usually called the Analects. It has hundreds of short passages. Most of what we know about Confucius comes from this source. Confucianism Confucius highly valued the past.
He wanted people to adopt ancient truths. By adopting them, he believed society would return to peace and harmony. Confucius emphasized several basic ideas. The most important one is ren. It is made up of the Chinese characters meaning "man" and "two," showing the connection of humans to one another. Ren is what makes a person human and life worth living. It can be translated as "humaneness" or "goodness. Confucius calls a person who achieves ren a "superior person," "ideal person," or "sage.
Confucius saw everyone as having a duty to everyone else. In each relationship, the higher-ranking person must take care of the lower-ranking person. In turn, the lower-ranking person must obey and honor the higher-ranking person.
For example, parents should treat their children well and carefully raise them. Children should obey and be loyal to their parents. Everyone should play his role properly: Another part of the superior person is de, virtue or moral force. The inferior person cares about things. Rituals were not meant to be empty gestures, but the means for expressing ren, yi, and de.
It also includes the actions of everyday life: Rituals are the correct forms for action, and they work magic. This may sound strange, but think about the magic words "please" and "excuse me" and their power. A day course delivered by email.
You may learn more about the life and philosophy of Lao Tzu, including the study of Tao Te Ching, and concepts like tao, wu … Taoism vs.
Hi there, and welcome to The Tao of Dating site! This is a survey of the history of Taoism from approximately the third century B.
Although, Taoism and Buddhism have similar goals, they completely differ in their beliefs, practices and perspectives about individual life, society, values, culture, the environment and even the universe. In Hinduism, attaining the highest life is a process of removing the bodily distractions from life, allowing one to eventually understand the Brahma nature within.
In an even narrower sense, atheism is specifically the position that there are no deities. The three men are dipping their fingers in a vat of vinegar and tasting it; one man reacts with a sour expression, another reacts with a bitter expression, and the third reacts with a sweet expression. Alternative summary listings of major world religions and numbers of adherents: Christian Science Monitor Difference between Taoism and Confucianism: After a man dies he is called a ghost; the Buddhists speak not of men but of ghosts.
What man cannot avoid is the conduct or ordinary life; the Buddhists speak not of the ordinary but of the marvelous. Seeing and hearing, thought and discussion, are real evidence; the Buddhists do not treat them as real, but speak of what the ear and eye cannot attain, thought and discussion cannot reach.
BRIA 24 2 c The Development of Confucianism in Ancient China - Constitutional Rights Foundation
Confucianism, emphasizes achievement and propriety while Taoism stresses unseen strengths in being humble and in some cases, being perceived as average. Good Websites and Sources on Confucianism: Robert Eno, Indiana University indiana. A Life in thought and Politics New York: Chinese Government White Paper on Religion china-embassy. Robert Eno of Indiana University wrote: We are only truly human. To the degree that we are not Humane, we are not fully human; we are still governed by animal dispositions, which Confucians pictured as totally self-regarding selfish.
Kong Qiu transmitted not only specific rituals and values but also a hierarchical social structure and the weight of the past. Employed in a minor government position as a specialist in the governmental and family rituals of his native state, Kong Qiu hoped to disseminate knowledge of the rites and inspire their universal performance.
Teiser; Asia for Educators, Columbia University afe. The two major doctrines of Confucianism are: Confucianism is a social code based on morality rather than laws. If you govern them by moral influence, and keep them in order by a code of manners, they will have a sense of shame and will come to you of their own accord.
The Analects outlined the four basic concepts of Confucian thought: Unlike Taoism, which emphasizes the natural way, Confucianism emphasizes the social way. It assumes that the natural world — i.
The best place to begin was in one's conduct towards one's parents. Of these, the parent. The most basic of these roles were expressed as a set of Five Relationships: Once everyone understood and acted out the proper li for each social role they occupied, the world would be returned to order.
Confucius referred to such a person by a special term: Confucius valued the good man over the successful man, although he held that when things were right in the world, the good man would always be successful.
The term ren, which Confucius was the first to use to denote ethical perfection, was a constant puzzle to the disciples. Only after we have absorbed these patterns so deeply that they feel like our own spontaneous expressions can we truly communicate with others and grasp that they are like us. Then they become as important to us as we are to ourselves. Confucius also believed that for people to appreciate these facts, it was necessary for them to see and be moved by ritualized goodness in action.
Society was, in his view, transformed through the actions of an ethical vanguard, men of moral perfection whose conduct so moved the hearts of others that they could not help but respond in kind.
Thus the way to be completely good was to appeal to the goodness of others by treating them in a fully ritualized way — with supremely skilled politeness, we could say. Whenever you direct the actions of others, do so as though you were officiating at a great sacrifice. And never act towards others in a way that you would not wish others to act towards you.
If one chooses to dwell elsewhere, how can one become wise? If I wish to be ren then ren is at hand. Benevolence is regarded as the most important of the virtues, and some effort is made to define it, with the Golden Rule being only one attempt.
What is the difference between Confucianism and Taoism? | Yahoo Answers
Manners are also given a lot of attention and means both the outward actions and inner feelings of respect. The concept embraces not only etiquette but also customs, rituals and conventions of all kinds. Early Confucian focused a lot of attention on the relationship between morality and human nature and the whole idea that they are dovetailing and conflicting forces.
Almost every side and view was taken on the subject. One prevailing idea was that human nature was a mixture of good and bad and the amounts of each could vary a great deal from individual to individual. Another important concept was that human nature was something that was evil Yet another view was that human nature was something that was in tune with the forces of heaven.
Confucian Beliefs about Social Relationships Confucius was not interested in individual salvation or individual rights. What he cared about most was the collective well being of society. He promoted virtues such as courtesy, selflessness, obedience, respect, diligence, communal obligation, working for a common good, social harmony, and empathy.
The code of behavior he described was based on a system of harmonious, subordinate relationships based on the notions of filial piety, a well-ordered family, a well-ordered-state and a well-ordered world.
These Heaven-ordained patterns constituted a complex set of social, political, and religious conventions and ceremonies known as Ritual in Chinese, li. Restoring these patterns of Chinese civilization was the practical path back to the ideal society. The concept of li defines a set of social relationships and clearly described how people are supposed to behave towards one another. Fealty in Confucian terms takes five forms: Under the concept the li, the dominate person receives respect and obedience from the subordinate person but is by no means a dictator.
He is supposed to reciprocate with love, goodwill, support and affection towards the subordinate person. The Confucian code of subordinate relationships also extended to professions, with scholars at the top; peasant farmers in the middle; and artisans and merchants at the bottom. Confucian scholars grew their fingernails long to show they didn't do physical labor.
Under Confucian leadership, crimes were often dealt with by ostracism and humiliation rather than physical punishment. Confucianism and Families Under Confucianism, the oldest male and the father are regarded as the unchallengeable authorities. They set rules, and the "duty and virtue" of everyone else is to follow them.
The oldest male and father, in turn, are supposed to reciprocate this reverence by supporting and looking out for the best interest of the people subordinate to them. Love and respect are principals that are practiced in the context of the family.